During the Reign of the Myanmar Monarchs, local police were formed under the Mayors and Village Headmen; and they were also the Military reserved personnel. The British policing system was introduced in 1885, when the Union of Myanmar became a British Colony. At that time, the Police Force was known as the Burma Police. The Burma Police was reorganized as the People’s Police Force in 1964, and was reorganized again to the present set-up as the Myanmar Police Force on 1st October, 1995.
The Union of Myanmar has undergone many changes after 1988. Likewise, the Myanmar Police Force has to Change the Administration System to be in the line with the new Administration System of the Country. The Committee for Reorganization of Police Administration System which is presided by Secretary of the State Peace and Development Council was formed in 28 January 1994. Now the Committee is scrutinizing the whole system and making necessary changes.
The Myanmar Police Force has as its objectives:-
The Director General of Myanmar Police Force holding the rank of Police Major General is in command of the whole Police Force. According to the present set-up the Myanmar Police Force has six components. They are:
The Headquarters. The Headquarters is headed by the Director General of Police. Under his command, a Deputy Director General who holds the rank of Police Brigadier General and second commander takes responsibility for the proper command, control and monitor all the Departments of the Myanmar Police Force. Also four other Police Brigadier Generals, who are responsible for General Staff Department, Personnel Department, Logistics Department and the Office of the Commanding for Police Battalion respectively.
The State and Division Police Forces. There are 14 State and Divisional Police Forces and three additional State Police Forces commanded by Police Colonels. Their jurisdictions are divided according to the Civil Administration. The States and Divisions and Additional States have the same status. The State and Divisional Police Forces consist of four components. These are:
The District Police Forces are classified into two classes depending on the area, population and development. Commanders of the A Class District Police Forces are Police Lieutenant Colonels and B Classes are Police Majors. Commanders of Township Police Forces are Police Captains and Police Station Officers are Police Lieutenants.
The Department- There is four Departments, in which the first two Departments are headed by the Police Brigadier Generals and the rest two are by Police Colonels. They are as follows:-
Criminal Investigation Department
It has been commanded by a Police Brigadier General and its functions are mentioned below:-
Enhancement on capabilities of police members, the under mentioned trainings are opened:-
Director of Special Branch is a Police Brigadier General and its functions are as follows:-
City Development Police Force
There are Yangon Mandalay and Nay Pyi Daw, Yangon and Mandalay are been by a police Colonel. Mandalay is been headed by a police Major. Their functions are as follows:-
In Myanmar there is one Central Training Institute of Myanmar Police Force CTIMPF and two Police Training Centres. CTIMPF is headed by one Police Brigadier General and its duties and functions are as follows:-
The policies of CTIMPF are laid down as follows:-
The Central Training Institute of Myanmar Police Force provides under mentioned police training courses:-.
for Senior Officers of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
The Units – There are two kinds of Reserved Units attached to State and Divisional Police Forces to carry out their respective duties. These are:-
Police Battalions Command
It is commanded by a Police Brigadier General, the under mentioned duties and functions are carried out as follows:-
Narcotic Drug Suppression Division
Myanmar is one of the member states of the United Nations. Myanmar Police Force has been implementing it portion in harmony with the United Nations Security Council Resolution numbers 1373, 1276 and 1455. Myanmar has been a member state in the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organize Crime on 30 March 2004. As a consequence Myanmar Police Force has initially established the Department of Transnational Crime on September 2004. So that cooperation with the international, neighbouring countries ASEAN nation and Asian States has been made up. It is headed by one police colonel acted as the head of the department activating in suppression of transnational crimes including international relations. The following offences are primarily eradicated;
Anti-Trafficking Unit's measures against Trafficking in persons